Immediate Injury Advice
When an injury occurs, follow the RICE process and ensure you seek professional advice and assessment.
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When an injury occurs, it is important to protect the injured body part and start the healing process. This may mean simply rest from physical activity or to apply a splint/strapping to a joint to limit movement.
Ice or cold application slows the metabolic rate of the injured tissue and reduces hypoxic tissue damage. An ice pack should be kept on for up to 10 to 15 minutes. Never place ice directly on skin, use a damp cloth to act as a medium between skin and ice pack. Reapply every 2 hours for the first 2 days following injury. If ice not available, use a bag of frozen vegetables or an equivalent.
Compression is used in conjunction with cold to reduce swelling. Compression should be sufficient to limit edema (fluid build up), but not to compromise blood flow. Circulation is checked by observing the colour of the skin either side of the compression. Additionally, a finger or toe nail should be squeezed on the limb which is being compressed; the skin under the nail should turn white when squeezed and normal pink colouration should return within a few seconds, indicating adequate circulation is reaching the extremity.
Gravity will pull the swelling into the injured limb, so elevation is used to aid lymphatic drainage. The limb needs be elevated above the level of the heart, therefore with a lower leg injury the leg would need to be fully supported when in a seated/lying position.
A combination of ice and compression will produce the best results, prior to seeking the advise of the Sports Injury Specialist
Full consultation carried out consisting of a verbal, visual and physical assessment, followed by a series of special tests. It is paramount that an assessment of the muscleoskeletal system is carried out to establish the cause and extent of the injury.
The importance of the assessment is to enable our therapists to correctly diagnose the type of injury and advise a forward treatment plan.
Although exercise is the main part of getting and staying fit, it’s also a major cause of injuries (sports injures).
Even though exercise can be the cause of the problem, it is also one of the main components of rehabilitation.
Rehabilitation specific exercises, have all the principals of fitness training but in a more detailed and specific context: effectively strengthening and helping an injured body part, remain pain free and functional, thus restoring the athlete / client confidence in using the affected region and making sure they retain their peak levels of fitness.
A rehabilitation programme will be planned and undertaken, relating specifically to the way the injury is responding to its treatment through the inflammatory, cellular proliferation, and the remodelling and maturation phase.
After careful monitoring of the rehabilitation programme any modifications will be made to assist the progression of the injury thus making sure we restore full mobility, flexibility and strength to the surrounding fascia.
The sports therapist will ensure the client receives the most appropriate treatment for the injury. Cryotherapy, Thermal Therapy, Sports Massage, Electrical Therapy, Taping and Strapping together with sports specific rehab exercise.